Official Title - Republic of Tajikistan
Location - Central Asia. The country is bordered by China (430 km) to the East, by Kyrgyzstan (630 km) and Uzbekistan (910 km) in the North and West and by Afghanistan (1030 km) in the South
Area - 142.6 thousand sq. km
Maximum altitude above sea level - 7,495 m
Minimum altitude above sea level - 300 m
Maximum territory extent: from West to East – 700 km; from North to South – 350 km
Latitude - 41º 05’ North; 36º 40’ South
Longitude - 67º 31’ West; 75º 14’ East
Climate - Continental; temperature ranges between +22º C and - 61º C in January and from -8º C to +45º C in July, depending on an area and altitude above sea level
Geographical Zones - Mountains, forest-steppes
Total Population - 7800,5 thousand (1 January 2012), urban population –26,5 %, rural population – 73,5 %. Males – 50,4 %, Females – 49, 6%.
Population Density - 54,7 persons per sq.km
Population Growth Rate - 1.6 %
Territory Inhabited - 7 % of territory
Life Expectancy - 72.8
Education Enrollment - 68.8 % (of all levels)
Capital - Dushanbe, population – 748,0 thousand people (1 January 2012)
Other Cities - Khojent -165,4 thousand people (1 January 2012), Kulyab - 97,0 thousand people, Kurgan-Tyube -76,4 thousand people, Istravshan - 56,2 thousand people, Tursunzade - 48,7 thousand people, Kanibadam – 47,3 thousand people, Isfara - 44,0 thousand people, Kayrakkum - 41,6 thousand people, Penjikent - 39,1 thousand people, Vakhdat – 41,1 thousand people, Chkalovsk - 29,7 thousand people, Khorog - 28,4 thousand people
Form of Government - Presidential Republic. The president is elected for a 7-year term of office. President is the head of State and the head of the Government.
Administrative Division (1 January 2012):
Ethnic Division - Tajiks - 84,3 %, Uzbeks - 12,2 %, Russian - 0,5 %, Kyrgyz - 0,8 %, Others - 2,2 %
Languages - Tajik is the state language, Uzbek, Russian, English
Religion - Sunni Muslim, Shi’a Muslim, Orthodoxy
Currency - Somoni (TJS), 1 USD = 4,87 Somoni, 1 EUR = 6,30 Somoni, (May 2013)
GDP - 5,6 billion USD (2010)
5,6 billion USD (2010) - 629 USD, 52 USD a month (2010)
Export - 1257,3 million US$ (2012)
Import - 3206,0 million US$ (2012)
Consumption Basket - US$ 11,7 a month
Average Monthly Salary - 442 Somoni (93 USD a month, 1 January 2012)
Minimum Pension - 80 Somoni (17 USD a month, 1 January 2012)
Unemployment Rate - 54,5 thousand (1 January 2012)
Country Phone Code - 992
Time (Dushanbe) - GMT + 5 hrs
Weights & Measures - Metric system
Fiscal Year - Calendar
Natural Resources - Aluminium, coal, oil, natural gas, iron, zinc, antimony, mercury, gold, tin, tungsten, boron, common salt, carbonates, fluorite, precious and semiprecious stones
Main Industries - Mining, nonferrous metallurgy, hydro-power, textiles, cotton and garment manufacture
Agriculture - Cotton, fruit, vegetables, silk, grain, tobacco
Main trading Exporting countries - Afghanistan, China, Iran, Russia, Turkey, Switzerland
Main trading Importing countries - China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA
Favorable Tourist Season - May – November.
TAJIKISTAN - THE MYSTERIOUS LAND IN CENTRAL ASIA
Ever so often in fairy tales we hear names of countries, kingdoms and towns which we believe to belong to this fairy world; PAMIRS, PENJIKENT, SAMARKAND, BUKHARA and soon, all these places still exist today. They have been well protected due to giant distances, enormous mountain ranges such as the Pamirs, but also by giant deserts, closed borders and limited numbers of permissions to enter these regions and therefore, they still have a magical attraction for us.
The Pamirs, the birthplace of the human race?
Tajikistan is regards the birthplace of the human race. The indo-german race descended from
Tajikistan. And even today one can find here in a small, autonomous area blue-eyed and fair haired people. The indo-german people migrated from here in all directions, some towards India, where they drove the darker inhabitants to the South. Some migrated to Northern Europe, others remained in the area. In later times these regions were invaded by migratory nations from the West when Alexander the Great thrust all the way to Tajikistan. In some remote villages, all built with stone and clay, there are still inhabitants who only speak in a Macedonian language. Because of the remotenees of the place, these inhabitants may not even have knowledge of other tribes in the same region, speaking different languages.
Alexander the Great was here…
There are not only Tajiks living in the mountains. In some remote villages there are descendants of the Macedonians who still speak their own language and have their own culture. The Macedonians migrated into this area at the time of Alexander the Great.
Slightly bigger than Nepal
Tajikistan is situated in a corner where five countries border: China, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is slightly bigger then Nepal, but is populated by 7,8 million people.
Dushanbe, the capital with a colorful mixture of oriental people. Already when landing in Dushanbe one experiences the first surprise. On the one side Dushanbe is a modern, very well attended city with many beautiful avenues and classical buildings surrounded by mountains. On the other side this city is very oriental with bazaars, tea-houses and people dressed in oriental costumes.
Various race live here. The majority of the people are Tajiks, the same race as in the North of Afghanistan. But there are also Uzbek, Kyrgyz, Russian.
The majority of the people are Moslems. When walking through the bazaar you feel like in the orient, as described in the tales of ‘1001 Nights’. You can find a tea-house in the old style but also modern buildings, a good mixture of old tradition with elements of modern times which often brings forth remarkable cultural developments.
Tajik food is well known
The national meal is called ‘plov’ consisting of very spicy rice and beef. There will be lamb and chicken meat, lots of fruits and vegetables.
There are wild growing pistachio-nuts and a wide choice of almonds, walnuts and other nuts.
The flat bread loafs of Tajikistan are very delicious.
Because of the southerly climate Tajikistan is fertile and here you can find a great variety of delicious fruits.
You will have the opportunity to visit a Tajik house and eat a meal there. In an oriental setting you will enjoy the rich and plentiful variety of food while seated on the floor supported by cushions.
Rain is very seldom and the winter are short (Tajikistan is situated on the same altitude as Italy /Naples/Sicily/). Therefore trekking is possible from May to October.
Springtime, April-May is good time for travelling, yet in this time there still may be rain, but no more than 10 days in April and not all day long.
From June to the end of October it is dry. In the lower regions where the capital Dushanbe is situated the temperature can reach up to 40 degrees centigrade. In altitudes between 1 500 and 2 000 meters the temperatures vary between 20 to 30 degrees and higher up in the mountains it is even cooler.